Domestic & International Rugs
There is a lot of debate about which country makes the best rugs, and frankly, the answer is debatable as it depends on varied tastes and preferences. Let us examine the issue in more detail.
The Current Scenario...
If you are looking for decorative aspects, Egypt is touted to be the winner in this category, while Persian rugs have an enviable heritage, which put them at a higher value. Turkey’s tradition is hardly less distinguished. Weaving in Turkey goes back at least 800 years. Add to the weavers’ innate sensibilities a spark from the most creative minds of the West, and you have the kind of symbiosis that creates a renaissance. In recent times the most creative work has often been done there.
Weavers in Afghanistan have always focused on creating authentic tribal rugs, as not many of them know about the sophisticated designs and techniques that flourished in the Pakistani refugee camps. But Pakistani weavers can take heart in knowing that they can weave finer rugs than their Afghan cousins with amazing colors and designs. Tibetian rugs are innovative with an added advantage in the native Tibetan wool.
Rug Weaving Techniques:
The initial base is made by attaching the warp yard to the loom and weaving the weft yarn for stability, while the surface is created by incorporating each knot individually, row by row. The type and thickness of the knot offers different results; the number of knots per square metre increases the quality, definition and durability of the rug.
It is arguably the most straightforward, yet complex method as it requires highly skilled and patient artisans. With each tiny, precise stitch, a soft surface and texture is created for the rug.
The lack of pile is what sets this traditional method apart from the rest. It needs experience and talent to produce hand woven rugs that are flat with intricate patterns.
This manual weaving technique consists of vertical or horizontal looms. The idea is to intersect the longitudinal threads with the transverse ones. The yarn is stretched and fastened to the loom to create a taut warp. Working from bottom to top, the artisans weave the weft, creating the different patterns and textures.
In this case, the pile is done by hand with a pistol-type device. The pattern design is laid out on cotton and stretched over a frame. The yarn is punched through the fabric and fastened to a latex base. Then the yarn is then cut and shaved to ensure equal height. Curved patterns and pile of several heights and densities are thus created.
Rugs can definitely accentuate the aesthetic appeal of your home – choose wisely!